Tuesday, 23 October 2012
De Bono's Thinking Hats
The 'Six Thinking Hats' is an important and powerful technique. Edward de Bono created this group thought tool, in his book '6 Thinking Hats'.
It is used to look at decisions from multiple perspectives. This forces individuals and groups to operate outside their habitual thinking style, and helps to develop a deeper view and understanding of a situation.
How to Use the Tool:
Use the Six Thinking Hats in classrooms during group work or when asking student to look at an issue or problem from different perspectives. In groups the hats benefit the group by blocking the confrontations that happen when people with different thinking styles come together to discuss the same problem.
Each 'Thinking Hat' is a different style and perspective of thinking.
• With this thinking hat you focus on the data available. Look at the information you have, and see what you can learn from it. Look for gaps in your knowledge, and either try to fill them or take account of them.
• This is where you analyze past trends, and try to extrapolate from historical data.
• 'Wearing' the red hat, you look at problems using intuition, gut reaction, and emotion. Also try to think how other people will react emotionally. Try to understand the responses of people who do not fully know your reasoning.
• Using black hat thinking, look at all the bad points of the decision. Look at it cautiously and defensively. Try to see why it might not work. This is important because it highlights the weak points in a plan. It allows you to eliminate them, alter them, or prepare contingency plans to counter them.
• Black Hat thinking helps to make your plans 'tougher' and more resilient. It can also help you to spot fatal flaws and risks before you embark on a course of action. Black Hat thinking is one of the real benefits of this technique, as many successful people get so used to thinking positively that often they cannot see problems in advance. This leaves them under-prepared for difficulties.
• The yellow hat helps you to think positively. It is the optimistic viewpoint that helps you to see all the benefits of the decision and the value in it. Yellow Hat thinking helps you to keep going when everything looks gloomy and difficult.
• The Green Hat stands for creativity. This is where you can develop creative solutions to a problem. It is a freewheeling way of thinking, in which there is little criticism of ideas. A whole range of creativity tools can help you here.
• The Blue Hat stands for process control. This is the hat worn by people chairing meetings. When running into difficulties because ideas are running dry, they may direct activity into Green Hat thinking. When contingency plans are needed, they will ask for Black Hat thinking, etc.
Mind Tools Ltd, 2012. Six Thinking Hats Looking at a decision from all points of view. Cited 20.10 2012. URL: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_07.htm